JSON IList Covariance

An Unexpected Roadblock I ran into a an unexpected roadblock the other day when refactoring code that controls JSON de-serialization. It forced me to read up on the dreaded topic of covariance and contravariance in C#. During code review, I was asked to change the technique I used to specify how JSON should be de-serialized into a root type that includes properties typed as interfaces. The conundrum is what classes should be instantiated for these properties? I solved this problem using Json.NET JsonSerializerSettings.TypeNameHandling. This embeds type names into JSON text as properties named “$type”. When the JSON text is de-serialized, […]

Complex Object Graphs, Side Effects, and the Record Pattern

I hope you and your loved ones are doing as well as can be expected in these difficult times. I feel very fortunate to be gainfully employed during the Coronavirus pandemic. Introduction I ran into an interesting coding issue at work I’d like to discuss here. It involves a subtle object reference inequality bug in my implementation of the Record Pattern. At least that’s what we call the pattern at work. To discuss the issue here I’ll change the names of classes to avoid revealing any intellectual property and simplify the code to the minimum necessary to demonstrate the issue […]